M e d i c a t i o n s
 
Binox
A water treatment that helps stop fish death and wasting when nothing else will help. It conditions weak fish by reducing skin bacteria, cleaning infected gills, clearing cloudy eyes, and is recommended as the safest conditioner for weak, dying, scaleless fish and catfish. 18 oz. 1 tsp / 25 gallons
 
 
Clout
A very strong and effective medication for parasitic and protozoan infestations. Treats: Ich, Hydra, leeches, Planaria, Epistylis, Trichodina, Hexamita, Tetrahymena, body fungus, digenetic flukes, parasitic copepods, monogenetic flukes and anchor worms. Use 1 tablet for every 10 gallons every 24 hours for at least 4 days.
 
 
Copper Safe
A unique stabilized form of copper that is released as needed. Safely treats external parasites for over one month! One ounce treats 25 gallons.
 
 
Disco Vital
Supreme vitamin fortification! Perfect for discus, angels, and all Amazonian and rainforest fish. Treats: vitamin deficiency, loss of color, listlessness, and poor growth. For freshwater and ponds. 10 capsules.
 
 
Fluke Tabs
Extremely efficient medication against numerous external parasites, including: tapeworms, parasitic copepods, anchor worms, body flukes, gill flukes, fish lice, Capillaria, and other trematodes. When used correctly, Fluke Tabs should not interrupt nitrification. Use as a preventative and as a treatment for parasitic infestations of ornamental cold water, tropical freshwater, and marine fish. Each tab treats 10 gallons.
 
 
Focus
Focus's innovative, antibacterial, polymer structure can be used alone to medicate or can be mixed with a wide variety of standard medications. Focus binds to these medications, creating an insoluble, appetizing, "delivery system" that can be fed directly or mixed with frozen food. This digestible format supplies medication internally for more effective absorption, and means no contamination of the entire aquarium. For salt or fresh water use; 100 g.
 
 
Formalin
One of the very first protozoacides available for treating freshwater tropical fish, goldfish, and saltwater fish, and it's still unbeatable! 3/4 oz
 
 
Furacyn
A very strong and effective medication for parasitic and protozoan infestations. Treats: Ich, Hydra, leeches, Planaria, Epistylis, Trichodina, Hexamita, Tetrahymena, body fungus, digenetic flukes, parasitic copepods, monogenetic flukes and anchor worms. Use 1 tablet for every 10 gallons every 24 hours for at least 4 days.
 
 
Kent Marine RxP
A triple acting treatment for saltwater ich and other parasites. Treats multiple stages and leaves no residual toxic metals after treatment. Contains only natural ingredients. 16 oz. treats 200 gals.
 
 
Malachite Green
Malachite Green controls various external parasites of freshwater and marine fishes and is also effective against common external fungal infections of fishes and eggs. 4 oz.
 
 
Maracyn
A broad-spectrum antibiotic for the effective treatment of external Gram-positive bacterial infections and fungal diseases. Use at the rate of 1 tablet for every 10 gallons of fresh or saltwater. Re-treat every 24 hours for a minimum of 5 days.
 
 
Maracyn Saltwater
With B-complex vitamins. A broad-spectrum antibiotic which treats Gram-positive bacterial and "fungal" diseases. Vitamins are added to stimulate your fishes' metabolism to improve appetite during treatment. Each tablet treats 20 gallons. Treat for five days.
 
 
Methylene Blue
Methylene Blue is effective against superficial fungal infection of fishes and safe for use with fish eggs and fry. 4 oz.
 
 
Paraform
Broad spectrum protozoacide for fresh, marine, and pond use. Developed specifically for discus, angels, and Amazonian fish. Prevents and controls: protozoan parasites, Ick, velvet, Oodinium, shimmy, Cryptocaryon, gill flukes, white body patches, Trichodina, and Chilodonella. 8 fl. oz
 
 
Penicillin
General anti-bacterial and anti-fungal tablets which cure and prevent: cloudy or protruding eyes, cottony growths, fin and tail rot, mouth and eye sores, as well as many general infections. For fresh, salt, and pond use. 100 tablets
 
 
SeaCure
Controls marine Velvet and Ick. 2 oz. treats 1000+ gallons.
 
 
Triple Sulfa
An effective medication against a wide variety of bacterial infestations in both fresh and saltwater. May be used with other fungal or parasitic medications to prevent secondary infection. One tablet treats 5 gallons. May be repeated every three days. Will not discolor water.
 
 
T.C. Capsules
Tetracycline is an effective treatment against fin and tail rot, mouth fungus, and gill disease caused by bacteria. Can be used in fresh or saltwater. Each capsule treats 5 gal. Treatment may be repeated every 24 hours.
 

 

Common Aquarium Pharmaceuticals*


ACRIFLAVINE-Also known as 3,6-Diamino-10-methylacridinium chloride mixed with 3-6 acridinediamine, neutral acriflavine, euflavine, neutroflavine and gonacrine.  An antiseptic, protozoacide and dye.  Reportedly effective against Babesia bigemina and B. bovis.

CHLORAMPHENICOL-also known as chloromycetin, enicol, levomycetin, sintomycin, chlorocid, detreomycin, paraxin, chloronitrin, kemicetine, mychel, amphicol, farmetitina, tevocin, intramycetin, synthomycin and kamycetin.  A broad-spectrum antibiotic.  It is active against a wide spectrum of gram-negative and gram-positive organisms such as Escherichia coli, Moraxella lacunata, staphylococci including S. aureus, streptococci including S. pneumoniae and S. hemolyticus, Proteus, Neisseria, and Klebsiella/Enterobacter spp.  In vitro, chloramphenicol is active against the lymphogranuloma psittacosis group and Vibrio cholerae.  Susceptible are several anaerobes, such as Bacteroides fragilis, as well as Rickettsia and Chlamydia spp.  Of special note is the efficacy against many Salmonella including S. typhi, Hemophilus influenzae and the resistance of most strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

CHLORTETRACYCLINE-also known as aureomycin, biomycin and vimycin.  A broad-spectrum antibiotic and growth stimulant.  Effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, some large viruses and Rickettsiae.

DOXYCYCLINE-also known as 6-Deoxyoxytetracycline and vibramycin.  A tetracycline antibiotic active against Rickettsiae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, agents of psittacosis, ornithosis, agents of Lymphogranuloma venereum, Granuloma inguinale, and Borrelia recurrentis.  The following gram-negative microorganisms are susceptible:  Haemophilus ducreyi, Pasturella pestis, P.tularensis, Bartonella bacilliformis, Bacteroides spp, Vibrio comma, V. fetus and Brucella spp.

FLUBENDAZOL-also known as flumoxal and flumoxane.  An anthelmintic compound (a benzimidazole) for antiparasitic use based on the prototype parent compound thiabendazole.

FORMALDEHYDE SOLUTION-formalin, formol.  A disinfectant, antiseptic, astringent and embalming fluid.  Used for skin infections of fish.

FURAZOLIDONE-also known as furxone, furoxane, furovag, fiarlam, fiardil, medaron, neftin, nicolen, nifulidone, ortazol, roptazol, tikofuran, and topazone.  A nitrofuran with a broad antimicrobial spectrum, including Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella, Clostridium, Streptoccus, Eimeria, Histomonas spp., Aerobacter aerogenes, Vibrio cholerae and Giardia lamblia.

GRISEOFULVIN-also known as gris-PEG, grisactin, grifulvin V and fulvicin.  An antifungal agent effective against common dermatophytes:  Microsporum, Epidermophyton and Trichophyton spp.  It has no effect of bacteria, yeasts, Actinomyces and Nocardia spp., or on other genera of fungi.

METRONIDAZOLE-also known as satric, protostat, metryl, metric and flagyl.  An antibacterial and antiprotozoal agent.  It is active against obligate anaerobes, but apparently does not possess clinically relevant activity against facultative anaerobes, obligate aerobes or microaerophilic bacteria other than Campylobacter fetus and Corynebacterium vaginalis.  At some concentrations, it is active against Bacteroides fragilis, B. melaninogenicus, Fusobacterium and Clostridium spp.  Generally less active against non-sporeforming, gram-positive bacilli, such as Actinomyces, Propionobacterium, Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium spp.  It is somewhat less active against gram-positive cocci, such as Peptostreptococcus and Peptococcus spp.

NEOMYCIN SULFATE-A broad spectrum antibiotic.  Bactericidal notably to Stapylococcus aureus and Proteus spp.  Active mainly against gram-negative organisms, except Bacteroides spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are resistant.

NITROFURANTOIN-also known as furadantin, dantafur, furagin, furazidin, furadoine, furachel and N-(5-Nitro-2-furfurylidene)-1-aminohydantoin.  Susceptible organisms include Escherichia coli, Staphlococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Aerobacter aerogenesProteus spp., Pseudomonas aeruginose and Streptococcus faecalis are usually resistant.

NYSTATIN-also known as nilstat and mycostatin.  An antifungal and antibiotic.  It is active against a variety of yeasts and yeast-like fungi.  It has no appreciable activity against bacteria, actinomycetes, viruses or trichomonads.

OSSPULVIT-multivitamin and trace element combination bound to a water-insoluble powder.

OXYTETRACYCLINE-also known as terramycin, imperacin, berkmycin, tetran, oxyterracin, tetrachel, liquamycin, biostat and oxysteclin.  Active against infections caused by Rickettsiae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, agents of psittacosis and ornithosis, agents of Lymphogranuloma and Granuloma inguinale, and Borrelia recurrentis.  Use against the gram-negative microorganisms Haemophilus ducreyl, Pasturella pestis, P. tularensis, Bartonella bacilliformis, Bacteroides spp., Vibrio comma, V. fetus and Brucella spp.

PIPERAZINE CITRATE-also known as antepar, tripiperazine dicitrate, multifuge, oxucide, pipizan citrate, pinrou, exopin, parazine, helmezine, and arpezine.  Piperazine, along with its derivative diethylcarbamazine, is an  anthelmintic.  The spectrum of activity is largely against ascarid parasites in all species and also Oesophagostomum spp.  There is a variable activity against hookworms and strongyles, but little effect against whipworms or flatworms.

QUININE SULFATE-also known as quinamm and quindam.  A neuromuscular agent, more toxic than quinine hydrochloride.

TETRACYCLINE-also known as achromycin, tetrcyn, hostracycline, panmycin, bristacycline, polotic, steclin, solvodin, and criseocycline.  A broad spectrum antibiotic indicated for infections caused by the following microorganisms:  Rickettsiae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, agents of psittacosis and ornithosis, agents of Lymphogranuloma venerum and Granuloma inguinale, and Borrelia recurrentis.  It is effective against the gram-negative microorganisms Haemophilus ducreyl, Pasturella pestis, P. tularensis, Bartonella bacilliformis, Brucella, and Bacteroides spp., Vibrio comma and V. fetus.

TETRACYCLINES-very broad spectrum antibiotics with similar antimicrobial features.  They differ somewhat from one another in their specra and pharmacokinetic fates  there are three naturally occurring tetracyclines (oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline and demethylchlortetracycline).  Several are derived semisynthetically (tetracycline, rolitetracycline, methacycline, minocycline, doxycycline, lymecycline, and others).

TETRAMISOLE-also known as tetramizole, nilverm, ripercol, citarin, concurat, galinid, anthelvet, decaris, R 8299, McN-JR 8299, Bayer 9051, ICI 50, 627 and d1-2,3,5,6-Tetrahydro-6phenylimidazo [2, 1-b] thiazole.  An anthelmintic.

TRICAINE-also known as MS-222, ethyl-m-aminobenzoate methanesulfonate and metacaine.  An anesthetic and narcotic.  It is one of the safest anesthetics for fish.  Lower dosages tranquilize.  following its use, large numbers of fish can be transported in a limited amount of water with supplemental oxygen.  Solutions are toxic to fish if used in direct sunlight or salt water.  Do not use within three weeks of harvesting fish for human consumption.

TRICHLORFON-also known as neguvon, dipterex, ditrifon, dylox, dyrex, dyvon, chlorphos, chlorofos, metrifonate, trichlorophone(e), Bot-X, hypodix, wotexit, delicia, Bayer L 13/59, anthon and 0-0-Dimethyl 2,2,2-trichloro-1-hydroxyethyl phosphonate.  An insecticide.

TRIMETHOPRIM-also known as monotrim, proloprim, syraprim, tiempe,trimanyl, trimopan, trimpex and wellcoprim.  Used alone, this diaminopyrimidine is not particularly effective against bacteria.  The combination of trimethoprim and sulfonamides has expanded sulfonamide therapy.  The synergistic action is effective against gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, including Actinomyces, Bordetalla, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Fusobacterium, Haemophilus, Klebsiella, Pasteurella, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter spp, as well as Escherichia coli, Streptococci and StaphylococciPseudomonas and Mycobacterium spp. are not susceptible.

*Pharmaceutical list derived from Handbook of Fish Diseases, Untergasser, TFH Publications, 1989.


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