Always rinse hands and arms under
clean, warm water
before putting them into the aquarium. Wear sanitized gloves if
tanks, it's a good idea to "gravel vacuum" waste, and debris
from the substrate when
Remove plants and decorative rock when
Clean algae and operate in the aquarium when
the tank has been partially drained and/or water level is low.
When doing partial water changes, always know what percentage of
total aquarium water should and will be changed.
Always replace with high quality R.O.,
spring, or distilled water. Chlorine, and heavy metals common in tap water, kill aquarium inhabitants.
Mix and aerate saltwater hours or even days
Changing 10% water twice a month is better
than 20% once a month.
Feeding a little
food more often is better than a
lot at once.
If your tank has synthetic plants or
decorative rock/coral, have a replacement set to replace while cleaning. Switch at
maintenance times. This keeps decor looking great.
If you want to take gravel out to clean, use
a strainer and aquarium water. This keeps the nitrifying bacteria alive.
Don't clean any aquarium parts with ammonia
based or toxic products. Don't use these products around the aquarium at any time.
Powerheads and flexible
tubing make good water
Add trace elements and additives by
pre-mixing in a plastic cup of aquarium water. Sterilize after
glass clean offers better light penetration from reflection off of the
inside of the aquarium. It also helps for viewing.
Carbon can be partially reenergized by
micro-waving or heating in oven until dry. In most aquariums,
carbon is only intended for short term use.
for the aquarium lights is very helpful for algae growth, and cheap to
Protein skimmers, as well as most other auxiliary filtration devices should be checked
and cleaned, if needed, daily.
Feed specimens unique type foods at
maintenance time. This gives the specimens diet diversity.
Testing water is good
to do before maintenance is performed.