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How could anyone have a website about aquarium fish without a section dedicated to the cichlids?  Not I for certain, because this worldwide family of freshwater fish is one of the most popular and intriguing to the freshwater aquarium trade.  Cichlids are not enclosed to one continent, as are with most families of fishes.  In fact, they are in virtually all tropical to temperate areas of the world.  Cichlids are often colorful, hardy, easy to sex and breed, interesting, and some are even friendly.  Others are notorious for being as mean as the day is long!  The Family Cichildae is one of the largest families of freshwater fish, and encompass popular aquarium fish such as Oscars, Discus, and Angelfish, to other breeds such as Red Devils, Green Terrors, Dwarf Cichlids, and Jack Dempseys.  Cichlids are often found in tropical to temperament freshwater regions in areas anywhere from Central and South America, to the vast great rift lakes of Africa such as Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi.  These two lakes alone are known to be home to over 400 species of cichlids, and the cichlid family boasts over 1000 species worldwide! Cichlids also make for interesting study for scientists such as archaeologists, evolutionists, and geneticists, and offer a virtually endless journey of learning to the aquarist who is willing, and has the time.  Cichlids are also naturally found in other various countries such as Madagascar, Israel, and Sri Lanka.  There is also a single species found in Texas conveniently known as the Texas Cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatum).  In addition, a certain number of cichlids are mouthbrooders, such as the three Geophagus (jurupari, surinamensis, balzani) which alone have very interesting breeding rituals.  For more information, to the right are links to the two main subfamilies of cichlids; African Cichlids and South American Cichlids.

South American Cichlids

 

 

African Cichlids


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